Doctrines of Grace – Categorized Scripture List


Unconditional Election


God is Sovereign

Exo 15:18; 1Chr 29:11-12; 2Chr 20:6; Psa 22:28


1. He exercises that sovereignty in actively ordaining everything

Deu 32:39; 1Sam 2:6-8; Job 9:12; Job 12:6-10; Psa 33:11;

Psa 115:3; Psa 135:6; Isa 14:24; Isa 45:7; Act 15:18; Eph 1:11

* Including matters of "chance"

Pro 16:33; 1Ki 22:20, 34, 37

* The wicked actions of men

Gen 45:5; Gen 50:20; Exo 4:21; Jdg 14:1-4; Psa 76:10; Pro 16:4;

Isa 44:28; Amos 3:6; Act 2:22-23; Act 4:27-28

* The actions of evil spirits

1Sam 16:14-16; 1Ki 22:19-23; 1Chr 21:1/2Sam 24:1

* The good actions of men

John 15:16; Eph 2:10; Phi 2:12-13

* The actions of good angels

Psa 103:20; Psa 104:4

* The actions of animals

Num 22:28; 1Ki 17:4; Psa 29:9; Jer 8:7; Eze 32:4; Dan 6:22

* The operations of all creation

Gen 8:22; Psa 104:5-10; Psa 104:13-14; Psa 104:19-20; Mark 4:39


2. Man is not permitted to question his sovereign acts

Job 33:12-13; Isa 29:16; Isa 45:9-10; Mat 20:1-16; Rom 9:19-24





God elects [i.e. chooses, predestines, foreordains]

1. His angels

1Tim 5:21

2. His peculiar people, Israel

Exo 6:7; Deu 7:6-8; Deu 10:14-15; Psa 33:12; Isa 43:20-21

3. Individuals to salvation

Psa 65:4; Mat 24:24; John 6:37; John 15:16; Act 13:48;

Rom 8:28-30; Rom 9:10-24; Rom 11:5-7; Eph 1:3-6;

Eph 1:11-12; 1The 1:4; 1The 5:9; 2The 2:13-14

4. Individuals to condemnation

Exo 4:21; Rom 9:13; Rom 9:17-18; Rom 9:21-22; 1Pet 2:8


His motivation in election

1. His own good pleasure

Eph 1:5; 2Tim 1:9

2. The display of his glory

Isa 43:6-7; Rom 9:22-24; 1Cor 1:27-31; Eph 2:4-7; Pro 16:4

3. His special love

Deu 7:6-8; 2The 2:13

4. His foreknowledge

Rom 8:29; 1Pet 1:2

* Which means his special love

Jer 1:5; Amos 3:2; Mat 7:22-23; 1Cor 8:3; 2Tim 2:19; 1Pet 1:20


* But not:

he foresees in anyone

Deu 7:7; Rom 9:11-13; Rom 9:16; Rom 10:20; 1Cor 1:27-29;

1Cor 4:7; 2Tim 1:9



Total Depravity


Man is constituted a sinner by his relationship with Adam

Psa 51:5; Psa 58:3; Rom 5:18-19


He is therefore unable

1. To do anything good

Gen 6:5; Job 15:14-16; Psa 130:3; Psa 143:2; Pro 20:9;

Ecc 7:20; Isa 64:6; Jer 13:23; John 3:19; Rom 3:9-12; Jam 3:8; 1John 1:8

2. To believe in God (or come to him)

John 6:44; John 6:65; John 8:43-45; John 10:26; John 12:37-41

3. To understand the truth

John 14:17; 1Cor 2:14

4. To seek God

Rom 3:10-11


He is dead in sins

Gen 2:16-17; John 3:5-7; Eph 2:1-3; Col 2:13

He is blinded and corrupt in his heart

Gen 6:5; Gen 8:21; Ecc 9:3; Jer 17:9; Mark 7:21-23;

John 3:19-21; Rom 8:7-8; Eph 4:17-19; Eph 5:8

He is captive to sin and Satan

John 8:34; John 8:44; Rom 6:20; 2Tim 2:25-26; Tit 3:3; 1John 5:19

He performs actions freely according to his nature,

but his nature is wholly evil

Job 14:4; Mat 7:16-18; Mat 12:33; Mark 7:21-23; Jam 1:13-14







Limited Atonement


God purposed to redeem a certain people and not others

1Chr 17:20-21; Mat 22:14; 1Pet 2:8-9

[see "God elects individuals to salvation"/God elects individuals to condemnation"]

1. It is for these in particular that Christ gave his life

Isa 53:10-11; Mat 1:21; John 6:35-40; John 10:3-4, 11, 14-15;

Act 20:28; Eph 5:25

[we are commanded to love our wives in the same way

that Christ loved the church and gave himself for it; therefore, if Christ loved and gave himself for all people

in the same way, we are commanded to love all women in the same way that we love our wives];

Heb 2:17; Heb 9:15

2. It is for these in particular that Christ intercedes

John 17:1-2; John 17:6-12; John 17:20-21, 24-26; Rom 8:34

3. The people for whom Christ intercedes are the same as the

people for whom he offered himself up as a sacrifice

Heb 7:24-27; Heb 9:12

[note context, in which entering into the holy place is explicitly

for the purpose of intercession], 24-28

[For a fuller understanding of the indissoluble connection between

sacrifice and intercession, read Hebrews chapters 7-10]


The atonement of Christ is effective

1. To justify

Isa 53:11 [the single effective cause of justification in view

here is the bearing of iniquities; all whose iniquities Christ

bore must be justified];

Rom 8:34 [the argument here is that the fact of Christ's death, resurrection, and intercession is in itself an incontrovertibly

effective reason for non-condemnation; if this verse is true,

then no one for whom Christ died and was raised to intercede

may be condemned]


2. To redeem and cleanse from sins

Eph 5:25-27; Tit 2:14

3. To propitiate the Father

1John 2:2

["propitiation" means "the turning away or appeasement of

wrath"; therefore, by definition, the Father has no more wrath

against those whose sins have been propitiated]; 1John 4:10

4. To raise to new life

2Cor 5:14-15

[the argument is a simple "if/then" proposition: "if" Christ

died for someone, "then," with no other conditions, that

person died with him and was raised again]; 1Pet 3:18

[See also, "Jesus' death purchased for his people a new heart;

faith; repentance". Jesus died in order to establish the New

Covenant (Mat. 26:26-29, etc.); the New Covenant promised

faith, repentance and knowledge of God (Jer. 31:33-34, Ez. 36:26-27, etc.);

therefore, Jesus died in order to provide faith, repentance, and

knowledge of God, as the fulfillment of a unilateral promise. This

means that his death had a definite purpose which was intended

for some and not others. His death effectively purchased faith; not all have faith; and so his death had an effective intent that

was limited to certain persons.]


Those whom God purposed to redeem include all who believe

John 3:16

1. From every nation

Rev 5:9

2. From every class

Gal 3:28; 1Tim 2:1-6 [the first "all men" is explicitly tied to

all classes of men, which gives warrant for understanding

the second "all men" in the same way]









3. Therefore, Christ's saving work is commonly spoken of in

terms of "all," "world," etc.

John 1:29; Tit 2:11-14

[in the context of "all men" is the delimiting concept of a peculiar

people, zealous of good works]; Heb 2:9-10 [notice that the many

sons whom Christ brings to glory gives a contextual delimiter to

the term "every"]; 2Pet 3:9 [note that this desire is explicitly

limited to "us" (Peter was writing to fellow-believers) in the

context]; 1John 2:2 [propitiation means "appeasement of wrath";

either Jesus appeases God's wrath against all, and therefore hell

(which is the place where God's wrath resides) is non-existent;

or the "whole world" means something different than "every

individual who ever lived". See John 11:51-52, and "The word

'world' is often used in the sense of 'many,' or 'all of a set'"]

4. The word "all" is often used to indicate all of a set, or

even many representatives of a set

Mat 10:22; 1Cor 6:12; 1Cor 15:22; Mat 2:3; John 4:29;

Act 10:39; Act 17:21; Act 21:28; Act 26:4

5. Or, to indicate all "classes" or "nations," not all individuals

Mat 5:11; Act 2:17; Act 10:12

6. The word "world" is often used in the sense of "many,"

or "all of a set"

Luk 2:1-2; John 6:33; John 12:19; Act 19:27; Rom 1:8


Additional reasons that the atonement of Christ

is not for all the sins of all people

  1. God punishes people in hell, which would be unjust
  2. if their sins were atoned for

    Mark 9:43-44

  3. If one were to say, "their sins are atoned for, but that

atonement is not applied because of unbelief," he fails to

realize that unbelief is likewise a sin

Heb 3:12







["The Father imposed His wrath due unto, and the Son

underwent punishment for either:

1) All the sins of all men;

2) All the sins of some men; or

3) Some of the sins of all men.


In which case it may be said:

  1. If the last be true all men have some sins to answer
  2. for, and so none are saved;

  3. That if the second be true, then Christ, in their stead
  4. suffered for all the sins of the elect in the whole world,

    and this is the truth;

  5. But if the first is the case, why are not all men free

from the punishment due unto their sins? You answer,

Because of unbelief. I ask, Is this unbelief a sin, or is

it not? If it be, then Christ suffered the punishment due

unto it, or He did not. If He did, why must that hinder

them more than their other sins for which He died? If

He did not, He did not die for all their sins!" –

John Owen, The Death of Death in the Death of Christ]


  1. God bears eternal wrath against people, which by definition

means that his wrath against them has not been propitiated [appeased]

1The 2:16; 2The 1:6-9


Intentions of Christ's death other than atonement

1. To make a public display of demons

Col 2:13-15

2. To rule over everyone

Rom 14:9




3. To redeem creation

Isa 35:1-4; Rom 8:20-23

4. To lay the foundation for a genuine gospel call

John 6:39-40; John 7:37-38

5. To provide temporal mercies for the non-elect

Mat 5:45; 1Tim 4:10


Irresistible Grace


Faith and Repentance (as well as the new heart which

is able to produce them) are themselves gifts of God


1. A new heart

Deu 30:6; Eze 11:19; Eze 36:26-27

2. Faith

John 3:27; Phi 1:29; 2Pet 1:1; Act 16:14; Act 18:27; Eph 2:8-10

3. Repentance

Act 5:3; Act 11:18; 2Tim 2:25-26; 1Cor 4:7


The Father writes his own word upon (places the fear

of himself in, etc.) his people's hearts

Jer 31:33; Jer 32:40; Mat 16:15-17; Luk 10:21;

John 6:45; 2Cor 4:6

The beginning of salvation is the sovereign impartation

of spiritual life into a heart which had been dead, thereby causing it to exercise faith

1John 5:1; Eze 37:3-6, 11-14; John 1:11-13; John 3:3-8;

John 5:21; Eph 2:1-5; Jam 1:18; 1Pet 1:3; 1John 2:29

True offers of grace in the outward gospel call may be

resisted by men who do not have this new heart

Act 17:32-33




In fact, true offers of grace will always be resisted by such men

John 10:24-26; John 12:37-40

But there are some whom God causes to come to him

Psa 65:4; Psa 110:3; John 6:37-40; Rom 9:15


Perseverance of the Saints


What God begins, he finishes

Psa 138:8; Ecc 3:14; Isa 46:4; Jer 32:40; Rom 11:29;

Phi 1:6; 2Tim 4:18

Of all whom he has called and brought to Christ,

none will be lost

John 6:39-40; John 10:27-29; Rom 8:28-31;

Rom 8:35-39; Heb 7:25; Heb 10:14

God's preservation of the saints is not irrespective

of their continuance in the faith

1Cor 6:9-10; Gal 5:19-21; Eph 5:5; Heb 3:14; Heb 6:4-6;

Heb 10:26-27; Heb 12:14; Rev 21:7-8; Rev 22:14-15

However, it is God who sanctifies us and causes us to persevere

John 15:16; 1Cor 1:30-31; 1Cor 6:11; 1Cor 12:3; 1Cor 15:10;

Gal 3:1-6; Eph 2:10; Phi 2:12-13; 1The 5:23-24; Heb 13:20-21;

1John 2:29; Jud 1:24-25